[citation needed] Thus, King Gyanendra's confrontational approach with the established political parties met with widespread censure. This ended the idea of a "King in Parliament", and he was reduced to a figurehead, though for a time he continued to offer felicitations and to receive diplomats. The Rana Prime Minister provided a 300,000 rupee annual budget as expenditure for the King. He claimed that the King was examining the activities of the government and the parliament and was waiting for a suitable time to respond to them. It is noteworthy to mention that the RPP-N had recently submitted 2.35 million signatures to the CA demanding a referendum for the fate of the 240-year old monarchy and a Hindu state. Like the warrior king, he too was led astray by a luring fate and overweening ambition. They have two children: The events surrounding the massacre on 1 June 2001 proved very controversial in the country. [22] As he was required to leave Narayanhiti, he asked the government to make residential arrangements for him on 1 June, and on 4 June the government decided to give Nagarjuna Palace to Gyanendra. [9] As his nephew lay in a coma, Prince Gyanendra was named regent; but after King Dipendra's death on 4 June 2001, Gyanendra resumed the throne.[10]. Nevertheless, Gyanendra left for Pokhara. In May 2002, he supported the popularly elected Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba when he dismissed the parliament elected in 1999. He walked in the rain through the general public for more than one kilometre. In October 2002, King Gyanendra, citing the Maoist uprising in the countryside as his reason, began taking over different aspects of the government with the army’s assistance. But Nepal barely has political ground prepared for the king to return to his deposed throne. Let us hope. Following his departure, the Narayanhiti Palace was turned into a museum, while Gyanendra's diamond- and ruby-encrusted Crown and royal sceptre, along with all the other crown jewels and royal assets, became government property. Two years later, a newly elected parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and declared Nepal a republic with a president as head of state. If either of the candidates fails to garner the majority of the delegate’s votes, a runoff pits the top two candidates until one of them gets th… The growing insurgency of the Nepalese Civil War during King Gyanendra's reign interfered with elections of representatives. [24] These basic Hindu templates provide the evidence that Nepal was administered as a Hindu state. [17][18] The assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah triggered a great massacre in Bhandarkhal (a royal garden east of Kathmandu Durbar) and at the bank of Bishnumati river[19][20] after which Kaji Bhimsen killed 55 senior officials to benefit from the chaos. Ram Baran Yadav was elected as the state’s first president. United Nations, UNDP Nepal, SAARC, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WTO. [17], It was announced on 24 December 2007 that, following the approval of the Nepalese Parliament, the monarchy would probably be suspended in 2008, as part of a peace deal with Maoist rebels. KATMANDU Nepal, Jan 31 —King Mahendra bf Nepal died today after suffering a heart attack yesterday the Government announced. He was deposed by the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008, thereby declaring the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolishing the 240-year reign of the Shah Dynasty. The former was an established political party and the latter emerged from a decade-long armed conflict in which some 13,000 people lost their lives. [12] Also, there is no Nepali version of Franco in sight to install the king back in power. This incident is called People’s Movement-ll. [4][5] Rana Bahadur appointed Kirtiman Singh Basnyat as Chief (Mul) Kaji among the newly appointed four Kajis though Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji. [6] He served as the chairman of the Advisory Committee for the Coronation of his brother King Birendra in 1975. BBC 16 February 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gyanendra_of_Nepal&oldid=998454195, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (France), Grand Crosses of the Order of the House of Orange, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Recipients of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud, Members of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, Articles with dead external links from August 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 13:04. The move did not affect the properties he owned before his accession to the throne. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours Monday with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. He said that no people[clarification needed] would accept the "bill" unless decided by a referendum or elected members in the constituent assembly. He is a keen conservationist and served as Chairman of the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation (later known as National Trust for Nature Conservation) from 1982 until his reaccession to the throne in 2001.[7]. [4] After opposition to the hereditary rule of the Rana Prime Ministers from India, a deal was reached in January 1951, and Gyanendra's grandfather King Tribhuvan returned to Nepal and resumed the throne. Gyanendra was born in the old Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Kathmandu, as the second son of Crown Prince Mahendra and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra. During his early years on the throne, King Gyanendra sought to exercise full control over the government, citing the failure of all the political parties to hold an election after the parliament was dissolved. [citation needed]. He was 51 years old and had been king since May, 1956. As such, on 24 April 2006, King Gyanendra reinstated the previous parliament in a televised address to the nation. ", King Gyanendra had broken his closely guarded silence in an interview with a Nepali weekly paper in which he said he remained silent to "let the peace process succeed". Following the dissolution of the Nepali Congress government by King Mahendra in 1960, Nepal reverted to a “Panchayat system” under absolute monarchy and remained so until 1990. On 15 January 2007 the interim parliament was set up with CPN-M included, and on 1 April 2007, the interim government joined by CPN-M was formed. ", "All the king's businesses- Nepali Times", Nepal: Ex-King accorded touching greet en route, arrives Pokhara, The Himalayan Times : Ex-king's Myagdi visit cancelled over protest - Detail News : Nepal News Portal, "Final Programmes for The Coronation and The Silver Jubilee Celebration", Unofficial translation of the commission report on the palace incident, King of Nepal is stoned by crowd. A monarchy is typically called a kingdom. [24] The judiciary functions were decided on the principles of Hindu Dharma codes of conduct. Girija Prasad, as the main leader, had talks with the King and the agreement for monarchy's position. The agreement between the parties and Gyanendra under Indian supervision was not honored by the parties. Therefore, the visitors wrote birthday wishes on registers kept at the Nirmal Niwas Palace. Monday's protest was the … All the powers of the king have confiscated on 4 th Jestha 2063 BS. Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008) Before 1800s. After his birth, his father was told by a court astrologer not to look at his newborn son because it would bring him bad luck, so Gyanendra was sent to live with his grandmother. The cu… The head of government, by contrast, is the person who actually leads the government in creating and enforcing policies. [citation needed], In an interview, King Gyanendra's advisor, Bharat Keshar Singh, claimed that the bill passed by the parliament was a bluff. [21] He was declared Mukhtiyar (Chief Authority) of Nepal and led the new government from a royal mandate of minor King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah. [4], In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal. The head of state is the President and the Prime Minister holds the position of the Head of executive. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [6] [11], King Gyanendra promised that "peace and effective democracy" would be restored within three years. [29], In an interview with News 24 TV channel in 2012, King Gyanendra stated that he would return as the King of Nepal, although he did not state a particular time frame. In all clouds, there is a silver lining. but the period of direct rule was accompanied by repression of dissent. This isn't a democracy. [5] The actions of the Rana regime to depose his grandfather and place Gyanendra on the throne were internationally recognized. The institution of the presidency in Nepal was created with the declaration of the country as a Republic in 2008. [33], During a private party at Trisara restaurant in Durbarmarg, a picture taken of the former king dancing caused significant unrest and outcry, most notably from Maoist leader Prachanda and prime minister Oli. The King, who is a hereditary ruler and the head of state, and the Prime Minister make up the executive branch of the government. Nepalese people started the Mass Movement against the monarchy from 24 th Chaitra 2062 to 11 th Baisakh 2063 BS which ended the rule of the king from Nepal. The king’s closest advisor is the Je Khenpo who serves as Bhutan’s highest religious official. The royal government exercised minimum restraint[clarification needed] but declared a curfew to control the deteriorating situation, which was enforced with live firearms and tear gas. The President of Nepal serves as the nation’s head of state. In April 2006, the seven-party alliance and the then banned CPN Maoist party in an underground manner[clarification needed] staged protests and strikes in Kathmandu against Gyanendra's direct rule. [3] In the end of the 18th century, the central politics was regularly dominated by two notable political factions; Thapas and Pandes. Against all odds, he was crowned king in 1950, when he was only three. [16], On 23 August 2007 Nepal's transitional government nationalised all the properties Gyanendra inherited from his brother, including the Narayanhiti Royal Palace. [2] There was no single successful coalition government as court politics were driven from large factional rivalries, consecutive conspiracies and ostracization of opponent Bharadar families through assassination rather than legal expulsion. In some cases they are de facto leaders not occupying either of those positions or prime ministers who are not heads of government. Gyanendra and his family moved into the two-storey Hemanta Bas. Prior to the abolition of the Nepali monarchy in 2008, it was officially known as His Majesty's Government.[1]. This was for a bill to amend the constitution to make Nepal a republic. Nepalese students affiliated with Nepal Student Union chant slogans against prime minister Khadga Prasad Oli during a protest in Kathmandu, Nepal, Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. The executive branch of government is the organ that exerts authority and is accountable for how a state is governed. Several party leaders rejected the offer and again demanded that the King call a council to determine the monarchy's future role in politics. Other terms might include grand duchy (as in the case of Luxembourg), principality (as in the case of Monaco), or city state (as in the case of the Vatican). [2] Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. This page lists the national rulers in the world. Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal.He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. [2][note 1] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. [18][19], On 27 May 2008, the meeting decided to give Gyanendra fifteen days to vacate the palace and decided that the first meeting would be held the next day at 11 am; however, it was delayed due to the indecision among the leading parties on power-sharing and the nomination of 26 members of the Constituent Assembly. On 28 December 2007, the Nepali interim parliament approved a bill for the amendment to the constitution of 1990 promulgated on 15 January 2007, with a clause stating that Nepal would become a federal democratic republic, to be implemented by the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly elections. King Gyanendra also said that law and order in the country was deteriorating, and questioned the interim government's ability to govern the country even after he had accepted the road map of the seven-party alliance. In an interview with Nepal Aaja, Dr. KC remarked that the former king did not show any active interest to return to the throne or into politics. He leads the Commission for the Monastic Affairs or the Dratshang Lhentshog. His investment in Soaltee Hotel alone was estimated to be around $100 million in 2008 with a 40% stake. [21] Gyanendra accepted the decision in the following days. Later, Kirtiman Singh was secretly assassinated on 28 September 1801, by the supporters of Raj Rajeshwari Devi[7] and his brother Bakhtawar Singh Basnyat, was then given the post of Chief (Mul) Kaji. The character of government in Kingdom of Nepal was driven from consultative state organ of the previous Gorkha hill principality, known as Bharadar. ... response rebutting its finding that the German government could act against the king if it wished. [22], Mukhtiyars ruled over the executive and administrative functions of the state until its replacement by British conventional Prime Minister in 1843 conferred upon then ruling Mukhtiyar Mathabar Singh Thapa.[23]. Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of Nepal. The country’s head of state bears the title of Druk Gyalpo which translates to Dragon King. 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