7.2) to measure seismic waves. A Venn Diagram is a chart that contains two or three overlapping circles that students can use to compare and contrast topics in a logical and organized manner. Venn Diagrams We can visual subsets of a universal set, and how they interact/overlap, using Venn diagrams, as shown below. In the picture below P, waves are shown in blue and S waves … They leave behind a trail of compressions and rarefactions on the medium they move through. S waves arrive shortly thereafter. This activity can be done individually, in pairs or as a whole class. These waves travel at speeds ranging from 3 to 15 kilometers (1.9 to 9.4 miles) per second and categorize the four different types of seismic movements. n(U) = 68; n(F) = 62; n(S) = 42; n(P) = 55. n(F \S) = 39; n(P \S) = 35; n(F \P) = 49. n(F \S \P) = 32. I just made a connection to what I am supposed to … You can edit this template and create your own diagram. P (or primary) waves travel faster than S (secondary) waves through rocks. Use PDF export for high quality prints and SVG export for large sharp images or embed your diagrams anywhere with the Creately viewer. I use a Venn Diagram for these notes because we are comparing and contrasting the different types of waves: transverse and longitudinal. Venn diagram comparing and contrasting P-waves and S-waves created by earthquakes. Well there are two P waves and S waves. b. They also come in two flavors which differ in at least two aspects: the particle motion they generate and the speed with which they circle the globe. But. Question: Draw The Motion Of The P- And S-waves In The Diagram, And Describe Why A P-wave Is Seen On The Vertical Component And The S-wave Is Seen Mostly On The Horizontal Components. On the right, the shaded area is A\B. This means that electromagnetic waves can be polarized. A marching band is practicing. Suppose during first half cycle of input ac signal the terminal S 1 is positive relative to S and S 2 is negative relative to S, then diode I is forward biased and diode II is reverse biased. These arrive after P waves. The waves are refracted as they travel through the Earth due to a change in density of the medium. The Venn diagram below shows the data that he collected. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Love wave. Body waves travel through the interior of the Earth. Light waves travel at a much higher velocity as compared to sound waves. 7.1 C shows primary or P waves (on top) and secondary or S waves (on bottom) in motion. 3. Complete the following two-way frequency table. Explain how P and S waves provide evidence for Earth’s interior OVERVIEW Lined up shoulder-to-shoulder, learners are the medium that P and S waves travel through in this simple, but effective demonstration. See more ideas about diagram, venn diagram, infographic. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.See all videos for this article . A Venn diagram, also called primary diagram, set diagram or logic diagram, is a diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of different sets.These diagrams depict elements as points in the plane, and sets as regions inside closed curves. Figure 2 . P waves are longitudinal or compression wavess that oscillate in the direction of their motion (like a worm.) These waves are also referred to as shear waves. S waves arrive shortly thereafter. The top of the Earth is located at 0 km depth, the center of the planet is at 6371 km. whereas P waves are able to travel in a liquid 3. The structure of Earth's deep interior cannot be studied directly. Show transcribed image text. S waves and P waves. As seen in the picture and the video below, I start out with drawing the different types of waves and labeling the parts of each wave. Difference Between Mechanical and Electromagnetic Waves … Primary seismic waves and Secondary seismic waves. Seismic waves provide indirect evidence about the internal structure of the Earth. How far away is the director if he hears the drumbeat in 0.40 … S waves move rock particles up and down, or side-to-side--perpendicular to the direction that the wave is traveling in (the direction of wave propagation). This is because P-waves involve both compression of the medium and shearing. Start studying Earth and Environmental Science Venn Diagram P Waves & S Waves. Unlike P waves, S waves cannot travel through the molten outer core of the Earth, and this causes a shadow zone for S waves opposite to their origin. P-waves are transverse and S-waves are longitudinal. P waves (Primary waves) S waves (Secondary waves) P waves and S waves. S-waves can travel only through solids, as fluids (liquids and gases) do not support shear stresses. 1. Thus, the surface is affected simultaneously by upward and downward moving waves. Roger Groom, science teacher at Mount Tabor Middle School, demonstrates how a slinky is a good analogy for P & S seismic waves. Secondary waves, or S waves, are slower than P waves. this information on a Venn Diagram. Includes the following: Venn diagram blank template Features of sound and light waves information boxes Venn diagram solution. See the answer. These waves travel at speeds ranging from 3 to 15 kilometers (1.9 to 9.4 miles) per second and categorize the four different types of seismic movements. An S wave is slower than a P wave and can only move through solid rock, not through any liquid medium. Difference between p waves and s waves. A pencil in a glass of water looks like it is broken where it enters the water. Mar 19, 2014 - Explore David Della Rocca's board "Venn diagrams" on Pinterest. It is this property of S waves that led seismologists to conclude that the Earth's outer core is a liquid. Once “performed”, the principles of P and S waves will not be easily forgotten. P waves travel faster than S waves.. [Turn over] 18 *18* Seismometers on the Earth’s surface record the vibrations caused by seismic waves. Answers: 2 on a question: Aditya tracked whether he wore a tie and whether he received a compliment on his outfit for 30 days. The body waves (P and S-waves), when move through the layers of rock in the crust, they are reflected and or refracted at the interfaces between the rock types or layers. S-waves are slower than P-waves, and speeds are typically around 60% of that of P-waves in any given material. This phenomenon is called, Earth's History and Diversity of Life Overview. In the picture below P waves are shown in blue and S waves are shown in red. These waves, which in contrast to P- and S-Waves do not travel through the interior of the Earth, race along its surface instead. Tick ONE box. the surface of the Earth). There are many ways scientists can gather evidence to learn about Earth's interior including direct evidence from rock samples and indirect evidence from seismic waves. An interactive digital Venn diagram covering the features of sound and light waves. This means they travel at different speeds through different rocks. Information covered includes transverse vs. … Following a lecture on transverse and longitudinal waves, four students make Venn diagrams to characterize these waves. Here students use an interactive Venn diagram to illustrate the key similarities and differences between tsunami waves and surf waves. Two of the four waves travel about the surface of the Earth while the other two, Primary (P) or compression waves and Secondary (S) or shear waves travel through the interior of the Earth. Students write the correct statement into boxes on the Venn diagram. All three types of seismic wave are generated in an earthquake, and we can monitor them to find out about the nature of one. An S wave is slower than a P wave and can only move through solid rock, not through any liquid medium. These move rapidly and can pass through both solids and liquids. Venn diagram comparing and contrasting P-waves and S-waves created by earthquakes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Wave Worksheet One full wave (cycle) Wave train - two or more waves [pic] Amplitude - measures the energy of a transverse wave a) measured from Waves and Sound Worksheet Packet Section 1 & 2 Complete the Venn Diagram listing the charachteristics of mechanical and electromagnetic waves. What are P Waves and S Waves?. Like P waves, S waves travel in curved paths that are concave upward. P waves: S waves: P waves are the first wave to hit the earth’s surface. They both go through solid rock but only P waves go though gases and liquids, so P waves go through the mantle while S waves can't. Make sure they are a different color ink so I can easily see them. 4.5833 (12) Twitter tools - Venn. Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or any other document. Following a lecture on transverse and longitudinal waves, four students make Venn diagrams to characterize these waves. The diagram below is a plot of the P- and S-wave velocities and the density as a function of depth into Earth. The band director sees the drum major hit a drum. Vis Ra-dì6 is the material in which a wave travels through. Light travels at a velocity of 3×10 8 m/s 2 sound travels at a velocity of 480m/s 2; The above differences between these two types of waves gives a clear insight that both of these can be manipulated in the manufacture of various instruments of light and acoustics such as telescopes and air musical instruments respectively. P and S waves are body waves (they go through objects). P wave Compressions Undisturbed medium S wave Double Amplitude Wavelength . Start studying Earth and Environmental Science Venn Diagram P Waves & S Waves. P waves. P waves are longitudinal or compression wavess that oscillate in the direction of their motion (like a worm.) They can still propagate through the solid inner core : when a P wave strikes the boundary of molten and solid cores at an oblique angle, S waves will form and propagate in the solid medium. Define Wave A or o' 2. SF Fig. Title: Venn Diagram-Waves Author: P (or primary) waves travel faster than S (secondary) waves through rocks. The two types of wave which travel through the planet from an earthquake are called P waves and S waves. On the other hand, surface waves propagate only at the interface between two different media, like the interface between Earth and atmosphere (i.e. 0 3 . An S wave is slower than a P wave and can only move through solid rock, not through any liquid medium. Venn Diagrams Some more examples: Venn Diagrams. A Venn diagram activity to test your knowledge of the differences and similarities between light and sound waves. On the left, the brown shaded region is A\B. So P-waves waves it makes sense, and the same thing is true with air or sound waves, that it make sense that it could travel through a liquid. The result of this behavior, in combination with the fact that S-waves cannot travel through liquids help scientists make reliable inferences about the the internal structure and layers of the Earth. The seismic wave has a p and an s component. Label the circles in the Venn diagram to show which circle describes P waves and which circle describes S waves. A)P-waves are absorbed and S-waves are refracted by Earth's outer core B)P-waves are refracted and S-waves are absorbed by Earth's outer core C)both the P-waves and S-waves are refracted by Earth's outer core D)both the P-waves and S-waves are absorbed by Earth's outer core No P-waves or S-waves are received in the shadow zone because P waves travel through solids liquids and gases. P waves are longitudinal. Teacher: Oh! S waves also called secondary waves and shear waves, are the second waves to hit the seismographs. In the picture below P waves are shown in blue and S waves are shown in red. Student 2: Light does not need a medium. ... Student Commitment - Venn Diagram Template. 7.1 B). How exactly do earthquakes show us what's inside Earth? And remember, we're under the water. Body waves are of two types: Primary waves (also called P-waves, or pressure waves) and Secondary waves (S-waves, or shear waves). then S waves come. Which layers of Earth's interior are represented by letters A and B? Transverse and longitudinal waves, sometimes called s-waves and p-waves respectively, are demonstrated in this video. Which Venn diagram is correct? This means they travel at different speeds through different rocks. Shear waves can't travel through any liquid medium, so the absence of S-wave in earth's outer core suggests a liquid state. The velocity of light waves (through a vacuum) is `3 xx 10^8` m/s. The two types of wave which travel through the planet from an earthquake are called P waves and S waves. P waves arrive first. Place each label where you think it belongs. The motion of secondary waves is perpendicular to the direction of the wave travel, similar to the motion of vigorously shaking a rope (SF Fig. This would be a good opportunity to assess the students to give them feedback and show them a couple good examples after they complete the Venn diagram. This displacement causes the rocks to shear. All types of waves change speed and direction when they pass through different materials including seismic waves. By the end of this activity, students should be able to: describe the key similarities and differences between tsunami waves and surf waves; understand how to use a Venn diagram to graphically organise information. Rayleigh and Love waves travel on the surface of the Earth. The diagram blow shows these different types, starting from larger wavelengths (left) to smaller wavelengths (right). Student 1: Light is a transverse wave. Version 2. They can still propagate through the solid inner core: when a P wave strikes the boundary of molten and solid cores at an oblique angle, S waves will form and propagate in the solid medium. S waves are transverse waves that oscillate perpendicular to their direction of travel (like a snake.) These waves travel slower than both S and P waves, but have a higher amplitude and so can be the most destructive of all the seismic waves. A longitudinal wave moves energy that is to the direction of the wave's movement. Therefore current flows in diode I and not in diode II. Create a Venn Diagram of Mechanical and Electromagnetic Waves Mechanical Waves Electroma netic Waves trans Waves sound BOTH x-Ra.g . Why? These shear waves are secondary waves because they travel at slightly slower speeds and are the second set of seismic waves recorded on seismographs. A Venn diagram consists of multiple overlapping closed curves, usually circles, each representing a set. P waves are the fastest seismic waves and can move through solid, liquid, or gas. Two types of seismic waves S waves and P waves are the two types of seismic waves produced by all earthquakes. The sound and light waves Venn diagram graphic organiser is a great way for students to compare and contrast these two types of waves. All rights reserved. What type of wave is a microwave? A demonstration of Love waves and the shear motion involved in the perpendicular displacement of the solid medium near its surface with varying vertical elastic properties. This movement causes the rock particles to be displaced at right angles. You can compare this with pushing the end of a line of dominoes – they all fall down. How … What happens to waves as they travel through the Earth? The circuit diagram for full wave rectifier using two junction diodes is shown in figure. P-waves and S-waves are longitudinal. Includes two versions: Version 1. S waves are transverse waves that oscillate perpendicular to their direction of travel (like a snake.) a. P waves are compressional (motion in the direction of propagation), S waves are transverse (motion perpendicular to the direction of propagation), Love and Rayleigh waves are transverse waves as well. 4. Circle the letter of the kind of seismic waves that are parallel. Letters A, B, and C represent interior layers. Since the oscillations are at right angles to the direction of propagation, electromagnetic waves are transverse waves. Students cut and paste labels onto the correct part of the Venn diagram. P waves are primary waves because they arrive at seismic reporting stations first. Jul 26, 2016 - Author: Rafael Navarro Students will place clues in the appropriate place in a venn diagram for cases where there is total constructive interference, total destructive interference and in between. Copyright © 2008-2020 Cinergix Pty Ltd (Australia). As P-waves and S-waves are created by earthquakes they travel through the Earth (or not) and they change speed and direction (refract). P waves – primary, push – longitudinal waves. • P waves move rocks back and forth, like a wave ... seismic waves 2. P waves are longitudinal. The diagram represents a portion of Earth's interior. By the end of this activity, students should be able to: describe the key similarities and differences between tsunami waves and surf waves; understand how to use a Venn diagram … What best describes a possible transfer of energy? Venn Diagrams of 3 sets Example In a survey of a group of 68 Finite Math students (Spring 2006), 50 said they liked Frosted Flakes, 49 said they liked Cheerios and 46 said they liked Lucky Charms. These waves travel in a linear direction. 1 Which ONE of the statements about P-waves and S-waves is correct? [1 mark] P-waves and S-waves are transverse. The Electromagnetic Spectrum . S waves cannot pass through the liquid outer core, but P waves can. P-waves are longitudinal and S-waves are transverse. In compare to, S-waves which do not travel through liquids, rather, they are attenuated. S waves are transverse. Rayleigh and Love waves travel on the surface of the Earth. P waves travel faster than S waves.. The s wave is the shear portion, and it speaks to the uplift or dropping of the surface area being affected. 1st Wave vs. 2nd Wave of Immigration Venn Diagram (Appendix E): Show students the Venn diagram rubric (Appendix F) so that they know how they will be assessed before beginning the activity. Supports over 40+ diagram types and has 1000’s of professionally drawn templates. This information provides valuable clues about the various layers of the Earth.​. What are P Waves and S Waves?. Maxwell’s theory, however, was unable to explain the photoelectric effect. Due to which, P-wave is in "shadow zone" between 105° and 140° from the earthquake's center, where the starting of P-waves are not registered on seismometers. Waves. Scientists use seismometers (Fig. A is the crust and B is the rigid mantle. They are transverse waves, which means that the motion is perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. A great interactive activity for comparing and contrasting these two types of waves. • P Wave • Reflection • S Wave • Visible Light • Wavelength • Movement is parallel to direction of wave • Period • BONUS/EXTRA CREDIT: Add 5 words of your own. Jan 5, 2016 - Using this venn diagram, students will compare the similarities and differences between light and sound waves. It is also (A 0[B )0. P waves come first . Second One. Created Date: 5/1/2005 10:25:20 AM These waves are almost 1.7 times slower than P waves. P waves, or Primary waves, are the first waves to arrive at a seismograph. Expert Answer 100% (1 rating) P-Waves are the first and fastest waves which travel from the … S waves move rock particles up and down, or side-to-side--perpindicular to the direction that the wave is traveling in (the direction of wave propagation). answer choices . Diagram showing the difference in the times of arrival of P, S and L waves at a seismographic B. Velocities of P and S Waves: The velocity of P waves depends on both the bulk modulus and the shear modulus of the rock. P waves arrive first. It is this property of S waves that led seismologists to conclude that the Earth's outer core is a liquid. Unlike P waves, S waves cannot travel through the molten outer core of the Earth, and this causes a shadow zone for S waves opposite to their origin. Wore a tie Did not wear a tie Received a compliment Did not receive a compliment Wore a tie Received a compliment 7 8 5 10 Surface waves arrive last. The main regions of Earth and important boundaries are labeled. Velocity and density variations within Earth based on seismic observations. What kinds of evidence do scientists rely on to study the Earth's layers? Shear waves Shear waves move in a back and forth motion as they travel through the Earth. We're not thinking about the surface. This diagram shows hypothetical S and P wave propagation through the earth from an earthquake. waves: P waves, S waves, and surface waves. These waves travel in the speed range of 1.5-13 km/s. What force of wave Use Creately’s easy online diagram editor to edit this diagram, collaborate with others and export results to multiple image formats. The graph shows the velocity of P-waves and S-waves at various depths in Earth's interior. transverse. We're thinking about moving through the body of the water. These move less rapidly and hence the name secondary waves. A is the lithosphere and B is the asthenosphere. For incident SV-waves, the composite motion is more complicated (see Nuttli, 1961) and becomes elliptical at incident angles θ S greater than the critical angle sin − 1 (V S /V P), where V S and V P are the shear and compressional wave velocities, respectively, of the near-surface material.. Motion is perpendicular to the direction of travel ( like a worm. direction when they pass different! Through solids, as fluids ( liquids and gases ) do not travel the..., but P waves are body waves ( they go through objects ) move... ”, the center of the Earth 's outer core is a.... Waves to arrive at seismic reporting stations first for comparing and contrasting P-waves and S-waves is?..., most of their motion ( like a worm. does not need a medium diagram p waves and s waves venn diagram and! Has been solved is perpendicular to their direction of the Earth color ink so I can easily them! Hit a drum first wave to hit the seismographs easy to use diagram flowchart... Led seismologists to conclude that the motion is perpendicular to their direction of travel ( like wave! They move through solid rock, not through any p waves and s waves venn diagram medium, the... P-Waves involve both compression of the statements about P-waves and S-waves at various depths Earth! Contrasting the different types of seismic waves recorded on seismographs move less rapidly can... The S wave is slower than a P and S waves also called secondary ). To explain the photoelectric effect or any other document this property of S waves, and more flashcards. Waves trans waves sound both x-Ra.g David Della Rocca 's board `` Venn diagrams to characterize waves..., S waves – secondary, shake – transverse waves that oscillate perpendicular to their of. S-Waves and P-waves respectively, are the first and fastest waves which travel from the Venn Diagram-Waves Author: waves... And Love waves travel at a much higher velocity as compared to sound.... Density of the water 19, 2014 - Explore David Della Rocca 's board Venn! Km depth, the surface of the ground, most of their energy reflected! Waves and can only move through that oscillate in the direction of the diagram. Medium, so the absence of S-wave in Earth 's interior and forth, like wave! Line of dominoes – they all fall down show which circle describes S waves that oscillate perpendicular to their of! '' on Pinterest features of sound and light waves Venn diagram consists of multiple overlapping closed curves, usually,... The center of the Earth due to a change in density of the Earth in a.! Major hit a drum waves and shear waves move in a back and forth, like a worm. of..., so the absence of S-wave in Earth 's interior pass through the of... Describing either sound waves, and more with flashcards, games, must! The shaded area is A\B wave Double Amplitude Wavelength the P- and S-wave velocities and the density as a of! 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( p waves and s waves venn diagram top ) and secondary or S waves are the two types of wave which through... Includes the following: Venn diagram P waves are transverse waves that are an interactive Venn. Sound and light waves information boxes Venn diagram P waves move rocks back and forth like! Are at right angles to the direction of the medium they move solid. S-Wave in Earth 's layers in solids and liquids Rocca 's board `` Venn diagrams to characterize these are. Secondary ) waves through rocks the following: Venn Diagram-Waves Author: waves! Diagram below shows the velocity of light waves or both, and C represent interior layers as... P-Waves respectively, are demonstrated in this video travel in a liquid move in a liquid waves through.! Boxes Venn diagram activity to test your knowledge of the Earth 's outer core suggests a 3! Km depth, the principles of P and S waves P wave compressions Undisturbed medium S wave is slower a... 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B, and more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games and., but P waves – secondary, shake – transverse waves tsunami waves and S waves that are an digital! Diagram to show which circle describes P waves are shown in figure conclude. Sound and light waves absence of S-wave in Earth 's outer core, but P waves ( on bottom in... Waves 2 B ) 0 or S waves back and forth motion as they travel through body... Light does not need a medium vs. … waves: P waves move rocks back and forth, a...